1. Lynn Paul Mattson & Peter Van Dyke Not for Publication Rules Versus Stare Decisis
. . . If it's Not Picked for Publication it Doesn't Exist - But Who Does the
Picking? Social Science Research
2. Charles L. Babcock THE PROBLEM WITH UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS, Communications Lawyer, Spring, 2002
3. Philip D. Reed
Lecture Series Citation of Unpublished Opinions--Panel
Discussion -- THE APPELLATE JUDGES SPEAK -- Hon. Edward R. Becker, Hon.
Michael Boudin, Hon. Pierre N. Leval -- Moderator Professor Patrick Schiltz. (2005)
4. Andrew T. Solomon Making Unpublished Opinions Precedential: A
Recipe for Ethical Problems & Legal Malpractice? 26
5. Sarah E. Ricks A Modest Proposal for Regulating Unpublished,
Non-precedential Federal Appellate Opinions While Courts and Litigants Adapt to
Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 32.1; 9 Journal of Appellate Practice and Process
17 (Spring 2007)
6. Peter W. Martin
Citation, Court Web Sites, and Access to Authoritative Case Law; Cornell
Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-047, December 2006.
7. Diane Adams-Strickland Don’t Quote
Me: The Law of Judicial Communications
in Federal Appellate Practice and the Constitutionality of Proposed Rule 32.1;
CommLaw Conspectus: Journal of Communications Law and Policy; Fall 2005.
8. Jonathan E. Pincince Inviting Injustice: Why the
9. Sarah E. Ricks, The Perils
of Unpublished Non-precedential Federal Appellate Opinions: A Case Study of the
10. Dean A.
Morande Publication Plans in the United States Courts
of Appeals: The Unattainable Paradigm,
31 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 751 (2004)
11. Bradley Scott Shannon
Stare Decisis Be Abrogated by Rule?
12. Lee F. Peoples Controlling
the Common Law: A Comparative Analysis of No-Citation Rules and Publication
Pether Take a Letter, Your Honor: Outing the Judicial
Epistemology of Hart v. Massanari; 62
14. Joan M. Shaughnessy Commentary: Unpublication and the Judicial
Concept of Audience; 62
15. Arthur J. Jacobson Publishing Dissent; 62
16. Sarah M.R. Cravens Judges as Trustees: A Duty to Account and an
Opportunity for Virtue; 62
17. David C. Vladeck & Mitu
Gulati Judicial Triage:
Reflections on the Debate Over Unpublished Opinions; 62
18. David E. Klein Unspoken Questions in the Rule 32.1 Debate:
Precedent and Psychology in Judging; 62
19. William M. Richman Much
20. Carl Tobias Fourth Circuit Publication Practices;
21. Patrick J. Schiltz, Much
R. Barnett The Dog That Did Not Bark: No-Citation Rules,
Judicial Conference Rulemaking, and Federal Public Defenders; 62
Washington & Lee Law Review 1491 (2005)
23. David S. Caudill Parades of Horribles, Circles of Hell: Ethical
Dimensions of the Publication Controversy;
24. Patrick J.
Schiltz The Citation of
Unpublished Opinions in the Federal Courts of Appeals; Fordham Law
Review, Vol. 74, No. 23, 2005
25. Jessie Allen Just Words? The Effects of No-Citation
Rules in Federal Court of Appeals; 29
26. Kenneth J. Schmier &
Michael K. Schmier Has
Anyone Noticed the Judiciary’s Abandonment of Stare Decisis?; 7 Journal
of Law and Social Challenges 233, Fall 2005
27. Stephen R. Barnett
In Support of Proposed Federal Rule
of Appellate Procedure 32.1: A Reply to Judge Alex Kozinski;
Federal Lawyer, Nov./Dec. 2004 at 32.
28. Alex Kozinski In Opposition to Proposed Federal Rule of
Appellate Procedure 32.1; Federal Lawyer, June 2004 at 36.
29. Martha Dragich Pearson Citation of Unpublished Opinions as Precedent;
Injunctions: The Scandal of Private Judging in the
31. Amy E. Sloan A Government of Laws and Not Men:
Prohibiting Non-precedential Opinions by Statute or Procedural Rule, 79
32. Norman R. Williams The Failings of Originalism: The Federal
Courts and the Power of Precedent; 37 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 761 (2004)
33. Hans Sherrer The
Complicity of Judges in the Era of
Wrongful Convictions October
35. Gerald F. Uelmen Supremely Futile: The
36. J. Lyn Entrikin Goering
Legal Fiction of the Unpublished
Kind: The Surreal Paradox of No-Citation Rules and the Ethical Duty of Candor
1 Seton Hall Circuit Review 27 (Spring 2005)
37. Lawrence J. Fox Those Unpublished Opinions: An Appropriate
Expedience Or An Abdication Of Responsibility? Hofstra Law Review
38. William R. Mills
The Shape Of The Universe: The Impact Of Unpublished Decisions On
The Process Of Legal Research
39. Joshua R. Mandell
Trees That Fall In The Forest: The Precedential Effect Of
Unpublished Opinions Loyola of
41. David Stephen Law Strategic Judicial Lawmaking: Ideology, Publication, and Asylum Law
in the Ninth Circuit 73
42. Supreme Court of Wisconsin, In the
Matter of the AMENDMENT OF WIS. STAT. § (RULE) 809.23(3) regarding citation to
unpublished opinions. 2003 WI 84.
Stephen R., STATEMENT AT
THE HEARING ON PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO THE FEDERAL RULES OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE
BEFORE THE APPELLATE RULES COMMITTEE, UNITED STATES JUDICIAL CONFERENCE; April
45. American College of Trial Lawyers,
OPINIONS HIDDEN, CITATIONS FORBIDDEN: A REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE
46. David R. Dow; Bridget T.
McNeese, INVISIBLE EXECUTIONS: A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF
PUBLICATION RATES IN DEATH PENALTY CASES IN SELECTED JURISDICTIONS; Texas
Journal on Civil Liberties & Civil Rights; 2004.
47. Tim Reagan et
al., Federal Judicial Center, Citations to Unpublished Opinions in the
Federal Courts of Appeals (2005)
Richard B., The Common
Law's Case Against Non-Precedential Opinions;
49. Sinclair, Michael B. W., Anastasoff versus Hart: The Constitutionality and Wisdom of Denying Precedential Authority to Circuit Court Decisions, 64 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 695 (2003)
Stephen R., The Journal
of Appellate Practice and Process; NO-CITATION RULES UNDER SIEGE: A BATTLEFIELD
REPORT AND ANALYSIS, Fall 2003
51. Tusk, Marla Brooke, No-Citation Rules As A Prior Restraint On
Attorney Speech, 103 Colum. L. Rev. 1202 (2003).
52. Barnett, Stephen R., Statement before the Assembly Judiciary
Committee of the
53. Laretto, Kenneth Anthony, Stanford
Law Review; "Precedent, Judicial
Power, and the Constitutionality of No-Citation Rules in the Federal Courts of
54. Barnett, Stephen R., The
Journal of Appellate Practice and Process; "FROM ANASTASOFF TO HART TO
WEST’S FEDERAL APPENDIX: THE GROUND SHIFTS UNDER NO-CITATION RULES" Vol. 4, No. 1 (Spring 2002).
55. Lauren Robel,
Practice of Precedent: Anastasoff,
Noncitation Rules, and the Meaning of Precedent in an Interpretive Community,
J. Clark and Joshua Weinstein "A White Paper on Unpublished Opinions of the Court of Appeal";
Appellate Process Task Force; March, 2001
57. Melissa M. Serfass
& Jessie L. Cranford Federal and State Court Rules Governing
Publication and Citation of Opinions, 3 J. App. Prac. & Process 251
58. Richard S. Arnold, Unpublished Opinions: A Comment (1999) 1 J. App. Prac. & Process 219 (1999)
59. B. Martin,
60. D. Merritt and J. Brudney, Stalking Secret Law: What Predicts Publication in the United States Court of Appeals (2001) 54Vand. L. Rev. 71
61. Eighth Circuit Holds That Unpublished Opinions Must Be Accorded Precedential Effect (2001) 114 Harv.L.Rev. 940.
62. Baker, Paige M. "Depublication: The New
63. Borger, John P. and Chad M. Oldfather "Anastasoff
v. US and the Debate over Unpublished Decisions" Tort &
Insurance Law Journal, Vol. 4, pg.36, 2001
Raymond P. "Williams v.
65. Bashman, Howard J. "The Unconstitutionality of Non-Precedential
66. Van Der Velde, Robert J. "Statement of Professor Rober J. Van Der Velde
to the Commission On Structural Alternative for The Federal Courts Of Appeals"
67. Reynolds, William L
and. Richman, William M "Elitism,
Expediency, and The New Certiorari: Requiem For :The Learned Hand Tradition"
81 Cornell Law Review 273 (1996) This article is recommended as an overview
68. Patricia M.
Wald, The Rhetoric of Results and the Results of Rhetoric: Judicial
Writings, 62 U. Chi. L. Rev. 1371 (1995)
69. Bowler, Jean M. "Law That Is Arbitrary Is Illegitimate"
Law and American Society,
70. Kelso, J. Clark "A Report on the
71. The Honorable Philip Nichols, Jr., "Selective Publication of Opinions: One Judge’s
72. Render, Edwin R. "On Unpublished Opinions" 73
73. Robel, Lauren K.
"The Myth of the Disposable
Opinion: Unpublished Opinions and Government Litigants in the United States
Courts of Appeals" 87
74. Shuldberg, Kirt "Digital Influence: Technology and Unpublished
Opinions in the Federal Courts of Appeals" 85
75. Tobias, Carl "The New Certiorari And A National Study Of The Appeals Courts"
81 Cornell Law Review 1264 (1996)
76. Uelmen, Gerald F "Publication and Depublication of
77. Weaver, George M
"The Precedential Value of
Unpublished Judicial Opinions" 39 Mercer Law Review 477 (1988)
78. Barnett, Stephen R. "Depublication Deflating: The
79. Barnett, Stephen R. "Making Decisions Disappear: Depublication and
Stipulated Reversal in the
80. Bilder, Mary S.
"The Original of the Appeal in
81. Biggs, Julie Hayward "Censoring
the Law in
82. Biggs, Julie Hayward "Decertification
of Appellate Opinions: The Need for Articulated Judicial Reasoning and Certain
83. Black, Robert "Hide and
Seek Precedent: Phantom Opinions in
84. Carpenter, Charles E. "The No
Citation Rule for Unpublished Opinions: Do the Ends of Expediency for
Overloaded Appellate Courts Justify the Means of Secrecy?" 50
85. Davidson, Zoe and Kaplan, Sheila "The Buying of the Bench" The Nation p. 11 (January 26,
86. Dragich, Martha J "Will The
Federal Courts Of Appeals Perish If They Publish? Or Does The Declining Use Of
Opinions To Explain And Justify Judicial Decisions Pose A Greater Threat?"
87. Dubois, Philip L. "The
Negative Side of Judicial Decision
Making: Depublication as a Tool of Judicial Power and Administration on State
Courts of Last Resort" 33:6 Villanova Law Review 469 (November 1988)
88. Dunn, David "Unreported
Decisions In the United States Courts of Appeals" 63 Cornell Law
Review 128 (1977-78)
89. Foa, Pamela "A Snake In
The Path Of The Law: The Seventh Circuit’s Non Publication Rule"
90. Garder, James N "Ninth
Circuit’s Unpublished Opinions: Denial of Equal Justice?" 61
American Bar Association Journal 1224 (October 1975)
91. Gerstein, Robert S "Law
by Elimination: Depublication in the
92. Patricia M.
The Problem with the Courts: Black-Robed Bureaucracy or Collegiality Under
93. Goodwin, Eva S. "Partial Publication: A Proposal For A Change In The " Packaging"
of California Court of Appeal Opinions To Provide More Useful Information For
The Consumer" 19:1 Santa Clara Law Review 53 (Winter 1979)
94. Grodin, Joseph R "The Depublication Practice of the
95. Hunter, Reed M. "Not to
be Published in the Official Reports" 5:22 Brief/Case 10 (May 1980)
96. Jacobstein, J. Myron "Some Reflections on the Control of the
Publication of Appellate Court Opinions" 27 Stanford Law Review 791
97. Kanner, Gideon "Misery:
How We Got There" The American Lawyer January 92 (1994)
98. Kanner, Gideon "The
Unpublished Opinion: Friend or Foe?" California State Bar Journal
387 (July-August 1973)
99. Llewellyn, Karl N. "The Common Law Tradition, Deciding Appeals"
Little Brown and Company (1960)
Newbern, David and Wilson, Douglas "Rule 21: Unprecedent and the Disappearing Court" 32
Reuben, Richard "New
Cites for Sore Eyes" 80:22
Reynolds, William L and. Richman, William M
"An Evaluation of Limited
Publication in the United States Courts of Appeals: The Price of Reform"
48 The University of
Reynolds, William L and. Richman, William M
Precedent-Limited Publication and No-Citation Rules in the United States Courts
of Appeals" 78:6
104. Reynolds, William L. and Richman, William M.
"Studying Deck Chairs on the
Titantic" 81 Cornell Law Review 1290 (1996)
105. Seligson, Robert and Warnloff, John S. "The Use of Unreported Cases in
Spitzer, Arthur B. and Wilson, Charles H. "The Mischief of the Unpublished Opinion"
21:4 American Bar Association 10 (1995)
Tatel, David S "Some Thoughts On Unpublished Decisions" 64:815 George
Washington Law Review 7 (September 1994 - August 1995)
Thompson, Robert S "One
Judge and No Judge Appellate Decisions" California State Bar
Journal 476 (November/December 1975)
109. Quitschau, Drew R.
"ANASTASOFF V. UNITED STATES: UNCERTAINTY IN THE EIGHTH CIRCUIT-IS THERE A
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO CITE UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS?" 54
110. Erica S.
Opinions: A Convenient Means to an Unconstitutional End,
111. Carl Tobias, Anastasoff, Unpoublished Opinions, and Federal Appellate Justice, Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Summer 2002.
112. Suzanne O.
My Holding and I'm Not Sticking To It!" Court Rules That Deprive Unpublished Opinions of Precedential
Authority Distort the Common Law,
113. Jerome I. Braun, Eighth Circuit Decision Intensifies Debate Over Publication and Citation of Appellate Opinions, Judicature, September/October 2000.
114. Frederick Schauer, Precedent, Stanford Law Review, February 1987.
115. Mark D. Hinderks & Steve A. Lebeu, Restoring the Common in the Law, Proposal for the Elimination of Rules Prohibiting the Citation of Unpublished Decisions in Kansas and the Tenth Circuit, 31 Washburn L.J. 155 (1992)
116. J. Jason
Boyeskie A MATTER OF OPINION: FEDERAL RULE OF APPELLATE
PROCEDURE 32.1 AND CITATION TO UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS,
117. Shenoa L. Payne
THE ETHICAL CONUNDRUMS OF UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS,
118. Lee Faircloth
Peoples CONTROLLING THE COMMON LAW: A COMPARATIVE
ANALYSIS OF NO-CITATION RULES AND PUBLICATION PRACTICES IN
119. Helen Gunnarsson NEW RULE ALLOWS CITATION OF UNPUBLISHED FEDERAL OPINIONS, Illinois Bar Journal, February, 2007
120. Chad Flanders PLEASE DON'T CITE THIS CASE! THE PRECEDENTIAL VALUE OF BUSH v. GORE, Yale Law Journal Pocket Part, November 7, 2006
121. Dione Christopher
Greene THE FEDERAL COURTS OF APPEALS, UNPUBLISHED DECISIONS,
AND THE “NO-CITATION RULE”,
122. Bryan Wright BUT WHAT WILL THEY DO WITHOUT UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS?: SOME ALTERNATIVES FOR DEALING WITH THE NINTH CIRCUIT'S MASSIVE CASELOAD POST F.R.A.P. 32.1, Nevada Law Journal, Fall 2006
123. Barbara Busharis UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS: THE SAGA CONTINUES, Trial Advocate Quarterly, Fall, 2006
124. Anika C. Stucky
BUILDING LAW, NOT LIBRARIES: THE VALUE OF UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS AND THEIR
EFFECTS ON PRECEDENT,
125. Scott E. Gant
MISSING THE FOREST FOR A TREE: UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS AND NEW FEDERAL RULE OF
APPELLATE PROCEDURE 32.1,
126. Molly McDonough
DOOR SLOWLY OPENS FOR UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS,
127. Mark Hansen
CITING OF UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS ENDORSED,
128. J. Thomas
Sullivan UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS AND NO-CITATION RULES IN THE
129. Analisa Pratt
A CALL FOR UNIFORMITY IN APPELLATE COURTS' RULES REGARDING CITATION OF
130. Vincent M. Cox FREEING UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS FROM EXILE: GOING BEYOND THE CITATION PERMITTED BY PROPOSED FEDERAL RULE OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE 32.1, Washburn Law Journal, Fall 2004
131. Anne Coyle A MODEST REFORM: THE NEW RULE 32.1 PERMITTING CITATION TO UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS IN THE FEDERAL COURTS OF APPEALS, Fordham Law Review, May, 2004
132. Andrew M. Low
133. Johanna S. Schiavoni WHO'S AFRAID OF PRECEDENT?: THE DEBATE OVER THE PRECEDENTIAL VALUE OF UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS, UCLA Law Review August, 2002
134. William J. Miller CHIPPING AWAY AT THE DAM: ANASTASOFF v. UNITED STATES AND THE FUTURE OF UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS IN THE UNITED STATES COURTS OF APPEALS AND BEYOND, Drake Law Review, 2001
135. University of Kansas Law Review UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS, PRECEDENT, AND THE FIFTH AMENDMENT: WHY DENYING UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS PRECEDENTIAL VALUE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL, November, 2001
136. Robert A. Mead
“UNPUBLISHED” OPINIONS AS THE BULK OF THE ICEBERG: PUBLICATION PATTERNS IN THE
EIGHTH AND TENTH CIRCUITS OF
THE UNITED STATES COURTS OF APPEALS, Law Library Journal, Fall, 2001
137. Michael Hannon A CLOSER LOOK AT UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS IN THE UNITED STATES COURTS OF APPEALS, Journal of Appellate Practice and Process Spring, 2001
138. Salem M. Katsh, Alex V. Chachkes CONSTITUTIONALITY OF “NO-CITATION” RULES, Journal of Appellate Practice and Process Spring, 2001
139. Danny J. Boggs, Brian P. Brooks, UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS & THE NATURE OF PRECEDENT, Green Bag, Autumn 2000
140. Evan H. Caminker, WHY MUST INFERIOR COURTS OBEY SUPERIOR COURT PRECEDENTS?, Stanford Law Review, April, 1994
141. Anne S. Kim RENT-A-JUDGES AND THE COST OF SELLING JUSTICE, Duke Law Journal, October 1994
142. Judith Resnik WHOSE JUDGMENT? VACATING JUDGMENTS, PREFERENCES FOR SETTLEMENT, AND THE ROLE OF ADJUDICATION AT THE CLOSE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, UCLA Law Review, August 1994
143. Jill E. Fisch REWRITING HISTORY: THE PROPRIETY OF ERADICATING PRIOR DECISIONAL LAW THROUGH SETTLEMENT AND VACATUR, Cornell Law Review, March, 1991
144. Discussion of
Schmier v. Supreme Court, the very first case presented in the textbook
used for the basic course in most
145. David R. Cleveland OVERTURNING THE LAST STONE: THE FINAL STEP IN RETURNING PRECEDENTIAL STATUS TO ALL OPINIONS, Journal of Appellate Practice and Process, Spring 2009
R. Cleveland DRAINING THE MORASS: ENDING THE JURISPRUDENTIALLY UNSOUND UNPUBLICATION
147. Hillel Y. Levin MAKING THE LAW: UNPUBLICATION IN THE DISTRICT COURTS, 53 Villanova Law Review 973 (2009)
R. Cleveland Clear as Mud: How the Uncertain Precedential Status of Unpublished
Opinions Muddles Qualified Immunity Determinations, 65 U.
149. David R. Cleveland Local Rules in the Wake of Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 32.1, Journal of Appellate Practice and Process, 2010.
150. David R. Cleveland and William D. Bader Precedent and Justice, 49 Duq. L. Rev. 35 (2011).
151. Robert C.
Berring Legal Research and Legal Concepts: Where Form Molds Substance, 75
152. William L. Reynolds and William M. Richman Limited Publication in the Fourth and Sixth Districts, 1979 Duke L. J. 807 (1979).
153. Thomas Healy Stare Decisis as a Constitutional Requirement, 104 W. Va. L. Rev. 43 (2001).
Pether Socerers, Not Apprentices: How Judicial Clerks and Staff Attorneys
Gentithes Precedent, Humility and Justice,